|Low carb diet means the diet which is having low amount of carbohydrates. This aims to mimic the dietary nutrition humans had before the onset of agriculture. A typical low-carb diet aims to reduce or restrict sugary foods, and starches like pasta, bread or similar items. It focuses on protein, natural fats and vegetables. Some low-carb diets are also sold as dietary programs that restrict carbohydrate consumption, often for the treatment of obesity, overweight or diabetes.
A lot of foods which are high in easily digestible carbohydrates are replaced with higher amounts of fats and moderate protein percentages such as meat, poultry, fish, eggs, cheese, nuts, and seeds. It also includes foods that are low in carbohydrates such as spinach, kale, chard and collards. Other vegetables and fruits are also allowed. Several types of low-carb diets exist, and studies have shown them to cause weight loss and improve general health.
The intake amount of carbohydrate allowed varies depending on type of low-carb diet. Low carb diets can be sometimes ‘ketogenic’ so they can restrict carbohydrate intake to cause ketosis. Low carb diets generally limit carbohydrates to a maximum 20% of total intake. Low carb diets can be or is sometimes used to treat or prevent some diseases like heart disease, high blood pressure, metabolic syndrome, and diabetes. The following infographic gives general tips to starting a low carb diet, this can be taken as a general guidance.